Ramadan is the ninth month of Islamic calendar and the month in which Muslims believe the Quran, their holy book, was revealed. Fasting during the month of Ramadan is one of the five Pillars of Islam. During this period Muslims wake up before dawn for breakfast and abstain from food, water and the use of perfumes during the daylight hours. They break their fasting with group dinners at night.
Moreover, these days are characterized by charity-giving and self accountability, for this reason, some organizations actively take part in charity events such as giving basic necessities, including food and clothing to the homeless or donating school equipment to schools. The days are punctuaded by prayers and Muslims try to read the Quran, at least, one its entirety before the month’s end. In 2012, Ramadan starts on Friday the 20th of July.
The end of Ramadan ,is marked by a festival holiday called Eid al-Fitr. That date , August 19, corresponds with the new moon and the Islamic month of Shawwal.