Situated at the mouth of the Bosphorus this bay separates the old city from new Istanbul. This is where the first colonies settled during the founding of Istanbul in pre-Byzantine times. This was the residential area for Byzantine Jews,
You take a cable-lift up to the summit of the hill where you can look down on the Golden Horn and the beautiful mosques of the Old City and surrounds. Pierre Loti (born Louis Marie JulienViaud (b. 14 Jan 1850 – d. 10 June 1923), was a French writer who lived in Istanbul at the end of the 19th century.
The Church of the Holy Savior of Chora, called in Turkish, KariyeCamii, is, after Hagia Sophia, the most interesting Byzantine church in the city. Not so much for the building itself, pretty as it is, but because of the superb series of mosaics and frescoes which it preserves and which have been magnificently restored and cleaned by the Byzantine Institute of America.
Eyup Mosque was the first mosque built after the Turks conquered Constantinople. One of the first Muslims, EbuEyup El-Sari was killed in the Arab army’s battle in the year 668 AC in this location.