Golden Horn

Situated at the mouth of the Bosphorus this bay separates the old city from new Istanbul. This is where the first colonies settled during the founding of Istanbul in pre-Byzantine times. This was the residential area for Byzantine Jews, Italian traders and other non-Muslim minorities. Drive along the traces of history at Balattasking time out to see the Bulgarian Orthodox metal plated  Church of St. Stephen and drive along the fortification walls of old Constantinople that stretch for 21 kilometres alongside the City Walls(by bus), the strongest fortification of the middle ages.