Suleymaniye Mosque

Built by the greatest known architect of the Ottoman Empire – Sinan, between 1550 -1557, Suleymaniye Mosque stands as undoubtedly his greatest work in Istanbul. Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent, who enjoyed the longest reign in the Ottoman Empire, between 1520-1566, gave the order for its construction. The mosque also holds the tombs of the Sultan and his lover Hurrem Sultan (Birth name Aleksandra Lisowskabut known in Europe as Roxelana).

Grand Bazaar Istanbul

The Grand Bazaar (Kapalicarsi) in Istanbul is one of the largest indoor markets in the world with its 60 streets and 5,000 shops, and attracts between 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily. It is well known for its jewellery, hand-painted ceramics, carpets, embroideries, spices and antique shops. Many of the shops and stalls in the bazaar are grouped by type, with special sections for leather, gold jewellery and the like. The bazaar has been an important trading centre since 1461 and its labyrinthine vaults feature two bedestens (domed buildings), the first of which was constructed between 1455 and 1461 by the order of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror. The bazaar was vastly enlarged in the 16th century, during the reign of Sultan…

Underground Cistern

The structure was known in Byzantium as the basilica Cistern, Justinian was the founder of the largest underground cistern, built after the Nika Revolt in 532.The number of the inhabitants of Constantinople increased and bring a problem of water supply. Basilica Cistern was used to store water for the Great Palace among the other buildings on the Firth Hill. During the Justinian time, After the Conquest the water in the Basilica Cistern were used for the garden of TopkapıPalace. It is 140 meters long and 70 meters wide. The twelve rows of 28 columns each, 336 altogether, capacityof having eight thousand cubic meters water. Basilica Cistern was restored in 1980.

Topkapı Palace

Topkapı Palace is the largest and oldest palace in the world to survive to our day. In 1924 it was turned into a museum at Ataturk’s request. Situated on the acropolis, the site of the first settlement in Istanbul, it commands an impressive view of the Golden Horn, the Bosphorus and the Sea of Marmara. The palace is a complex surrounded by 5 km of walls and occupies an area of 700,000 sq. m at the tip of the historical peninsula. Following the conquest of the city in 1453, the young Sultan Mehmet moved the capital of the empire to Istanbul, His first palace was located in the middle of the town. The second palace, which he built in the…